Ozone, also known as "activated oxygen", is a gas
which can be found naturally in the atmosphere. While the oxygen
molecule is made up of two oxygen atoms (O2), the ozone
molecule is made up of three (O3). The function fulfilled by
ozone in nature is to purify the air destroying bacteria
and contaminating elements.
is found naturally in gas state, and it is produced by ultraviolet
rays or electrical discharges (for example, lightning). It manifests
itself in the fresh smell felt after a storm, which is really
the smell of ozone. The most effective method to produce
it artificially, is by means of electrical discharges known
as "corona effect", which alter the oxygen molecules in the
is highly reactive; it combines instantly with any unsaturated
molecule to oxidize it, leaving innocuous elements as residues.
Under normal circumstances it disintegrates in 20 to30 minutes.
This is why it can't be stored in any way. To profit from its
multiple benefits it must be produced constantly in the place
where it is used.
use electronic methods for a constant, regulated production,
injecting into the atmosphere of each place adequate quantities
of ozone for each case. Nowadays, it is frequently used for
decontamination, so much so that hundreds of great cities in
the world have chosen ozone rather than chlorine for
water treatment plants. In the atmosphere, its efficiency as
bactericide, fungicide and deodorant has been highly proved.